What is hydroponics and how does it work?


What is hydroponics and how does it work?

Hydroponics is a simple, clean and modern way of growing plants. The plants are grown without soil in a nutrient solution, providing many advantages, for example, higher water savings than conventional agriculture. Almost anything can be grown hydroponically: vegetables, fruits, herbs, house plants, and flowers.

Principles of hydroponics

Hydroponics was invented by the ancient Egyptians, so it is a centuries-old food growing method. In managed and controlled modern hydroponics, fertilisers must be added to the water so that the nutrient solution has the necessary substances to nourish the plants.

Hydroponic production is completely independent of weather and climate and is year-round, efficient and fast. The products are very healthy and nutritionally valuable, and the yields are incomparably higher compared to conventional agriculture.


  • No soil is needed to grow plants, only substrates

  • Low water consumption and easier nutrient dosing

  • Perfect control of plant nutrition with quality fertilisers 

  • Lower risk of pests

  • Stable and controlled environment with high productivity

  • Greater cultivation efficiency, higher production yields

  • Quality and sustainable production

Hydroponic vegetables

Almost anything can be grown hydroponically, most commonly tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, lettuce, eggplants, and strawberries. The great advantage of this system consists in the very economical management of water and fertilisers, which are recycled as much as possible. For example, an average of 20 litres of water is enough for 1 kilogram of tomatoes grown hydroponically.

Our aquaponic farms and technologies

There are three basic aquaponic systems: NFT, DWC and MB. Each of them is suitable for a different type of farm and production. These systems are also used on our aquaponic farms, where we combine state-of-the-art technology with the latest research, all with respect for the environment. Find out more in our video.


Hydroponics is the future of agriculture and as such provides many advantages. Take a look at the six most important ones.

Benefits of hydroponics compared to traditional agriculture

Hydroponic food growing is easier, healthier and more efficient than traditional agriculture. It does not need watering, and people have less work with it.

Space saving

Energy saving

Climate independence

Fast plant growth

No watering

Healthy eating


An aquaponic, ecological, research and educational farm – this is our farm in Kaly, north of Brno. 

Here, we focus on rainbow trout farming and grow leafy vegetables, herbs and micro-greens in the vegetable section. The indoor part of the farm produces crops all year round.

Future Farming offers technologies for modern agriculture


Future Farming in the media