What is aquaponics and how does it work?


What is aquaponics and how does it work?

Aquaponics is a system based on a natural fertiliser cycle in nature: animals provide nutrition to plants, and plants provide nutrition to animals. In advanced aquaponics, unlike in nature, this system is controlled. Aquaponics is a proud alternative to traditional agriculture and is greatly promising.

Principles of aquaponics

Aquaponics is a unique technological system that combines fish farming with vegetable farming. The fish provide fertiliser for the plants, the beneficial bacteria help to make a nutrient solution, and the plants then clean the water for the fish. No artificial fertilisers or agrochemicals are used. The system saves up to 95% of water compared to other cultivation methods.

Aquaponic production is completely independent of the weather and climate and is possible year-round. The products are very healthy and nutritionally valuable, and the yields are incomparable to conventional agriculture.


  • No soil is needed to grow plants

  • Minimal water requirements compared to conventional agriculture (up to 95% water saving)

  • Indoor farms are not dependent on the seasons and weather fluctuations, and are therefore used all year round

  • Absence of artificial fertilisers and chemical sprays

  • High-quality food thanks to the high vitamin and trace element content and high nutritional value

  • Higher yields compared to conventional agriculture

  • Aquaponic farms produce minimal waste

Aquaponic fish

Fish play a major role in the aquaponic system. Their organic waste serves as a perfect fertiliser for aquaponic plants. Find out which freshwater fish species we breed and under what conditions they live on our farms.

Aquaponic crops

It is possible to grow up to 80 types of leafy, fruiting and root vegetables in aquaponics. On our aquaponic farms, we grow mainly leafy vegetables and herbs. We also examine freshwater algae and micro-greens. See what species of aquaponic plants we grow.

Our aquaponic farms and technologies

There are three basic aquaponic systems: NFT, DWC and MB. Each of them is suitable for a different type of farm and production. All three systems are used on our aquaponic farms, where we combine state-of-the-art technology with the latest research, all with respect for the environment. Find out more in our video.


Aquaponics is the future of agriculture. Compared to conventional agriculture, it brings many benefits. Take a look at the six most important ones.

Benefits of aquaponics compared to traditional agriculture

Aquaponic food growing is easier, healthier and more efficient than traditional agriculture. It is chemical-free, does not need watering, works in winter, and people have less work with it.

Space saving

Energy saving

Climate independence

Fast plant growth

No watering

Healthy eating

Take a look at Future Farming’s aquaponic farm in Kaly

An aquaponic, ecological, research and educational farm – this is our farm in Kaly, north of Brno. 

Here, we focus on rainbow trout farming and grow leafy vegetables, herbs and micro-greens in the vegetable section. The indoor part of the farm produces crops all year round. 

Future Farming offers technologies for modern agriculture


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